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Sioux County


Sioux County is named for the Sioux Native American tribe who lived in the area.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Lyon County

E – O’Brien County

S – Plymouth County

W – Union County, South Dakota and Lincoln County, South Dakota


Created:  January 15, 1851                    Map of Iowa highlighting Sioux County

County Seat:

Calliope        1851 – 1872

Orange City  1872 – present


County Courthouse – Orange City


Location:  210 Central Avenue SW / 2nd Street SW

Built:  1904 – 1905

Style:  Romanesque

Architect:  Wilfred Warren Beach

Contractor:  Northern Building Company and then Robert L Beaty


Description: The building faces north and is a three story reddish colored sandstone and concrete structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on spacious landscaped grounds in the center of Orange City. The building has a raised basement. The exterior is made of red colored Minnesota sandstone, laid in rock-faced random and regular ashlar bonds. All trim is white colored sandstone around the windows and along the roof line and the roof covered with tile. The north front has a large Greek style portico with four large sandstone columns and wide sandstone steps. Above rises a large square clock tower with turrets and steep red colored roof and at the top is a statue representing Justice. The roof is hipped. In the interior, the public areas have marble floors, wainscoting and baseboards. The County Magistrate Court courtroom is located at the northeast corner of the basement story. Stairs rise to the first story with the main hall located at the center. There are four portraits done by Fred Reinders, of Hospers, Iowa. They depict the four members of the scouting party sent from Pella, Iowa in 1869 to seek a location for a Dutch colony in Sioux County, which began the real settlement of the area. A painting of the expedition, also by Reinders, accompanies the portraits. The County District Court courtroom is located at the center of the second story and has a high ceiling extending into the third story, oak woodwork, wainscoting and furnishings, original gas/electric light fixtures, and features a blind arcade across the front wall with a large fresco above the bench. The building houses the County District Court of the 3rd Judicial District. During construction, the superintendent was Wiley Scott and Robert L Beaty completed construction when Northern Building Company went bankrupt. The building was renovated from 1976 to 1982. To the east is the County Courthouse Annex constructed in 1990. The architect was Duffy Huble Mamura Brygger and the contractor was Wilton Construction


Note:  The superintendent, Wiley Scott was proprietor of a drug store in Ireton for several years and later engaged in building construction work in which he met with a high degree of success. Sioux county’s fine court house at Orange City stands as a monument to his skill as a building contractor and many Ireton homes were constructed under his supervision. He was held in the highest regard by citizens of Sioux County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Sioux County Courthouse


See:  The 3B Judicial District includes Crawford County, Ida CountyMonona County, Plymouth County and Wodbury County.


History:  The county was created in 1851 and Calliope was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was a log fort-like structure erected in Calliope ( now part of Hawarden ) in 1860. The county seat was moved to Orange City in 1872. The second courthouse was a wood structure built in 1872 but it did not last and the county then was housed in rented premises and there was no official office until 1904. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1902 to 1904.



County Courthouse – Orange City



























County District Court courtroom















County Magistrate Court courtroom













County Courthouse Annex – Orange City







Pictures taken 2007 and 2024