Skip to content
Home » US States » O-U » Texas » Callahan County

Callahan County

Callahan County is named for James Hughes Callahan, who was a soldier during the Texas Revolution.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Shackelford County

E – Eastland County

S – Brown County and Coleman County

W – Taylor County


Created:  July 3, 1877                            Map of Texas highlighting Callahan County

County Seat: 

Callahan City  1877

Belle Plain      1877 – 1883

Baird               1883 – present


County Courthouse – Baird


Location:  100 West 4th Street / Market Street

Built:  1928 – 1929

Style:  Texas Renaissance

Architect:  Voelcker and Dixon, Inc. of Wichita Falls

Contractor:  Suggs and Dunlap Contractors.


Description:  The building faces south and is a three story buff colored brick and concrete structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Baird. The south front has stone trim around the entrance located in the building center. On the second and third stories are double windows. A wide white colored stone band runs horizontally along the top of the third story windows. The roof line is flat. The building houses the State District Court, Constitutional County Court and County Justice of the Peace. The building was restored in 2020 to 2021. On the northeast side is the old red colored brick County Sheriff Residence and to the northwest side is the old stone County Jail.


History:  The county was created in 1877 and Callahan City was selected as the county seat. The county seat was moved to Belle Plain in 1877 and the first courthouse was built in 1877. In 1883, the county seat was moved to Baird. The second courthouse was designed by F E Ruffini and built in 1883, using the plans for the  Tom Green County courthouse. The third courthouse was designed by J Riley Gordon and J E Flanders and constructed by Sonnefield & Emmins in 1900. The fourth and present Courthouse was constructed in 1928 to 1929.



County Courthouse – Baird























Old Sheriff Residence – Baird



Old County Jail – Baird



Photos taken 2006 and 2014