Skip to content
Home » US States » M » Montana » Madison County

Madison County

Madison County is named for James Madison, who was the fourth President of the United States of America.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Silver Bow County and Jefferson County

E – Gallatin County

S – Fremont County, Idaho and Beaverhead County

W – Beaverhead County


Created:  February 2, 1865                    Map of Montana highlighting Madison County

County Seat: 

Virginia City  1865 – present


County Courthouse – Virginia City 


Location:  110 West Wallace Street / Courthouse Street

Built:  1875 – 1876

Style:  Greek Revival

Architect:  L B Olds

Contractor:  Daniel Steele


Description:  The building faces north and is a two story red colored brick and wood structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds on the side of a slope in the center of Virginia City. The north front has a small portico supported by four thin columns with a balcony on the second story. The building has a square white colored  wood cupola with glass windows, on the center of the roof. The entrance doorway and windows are arched. The interior has a spiral staircase ascending to the courtroom on the second story. The building houses the County District Court of the 5th Judicial District and County justice Court. Additions were built in 1913 and 1962 and the building was renovated in 2005.


 Note:  The courthouse is the oldest courthouse still in use in Montana. The second oldest courthouse is located in Choteau County.


See:  The 5th Judicial District includes Beaverhead CountyJefferson County and Madison County.


History:  The county was created in 1865 and Virginia City was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was the log structure built in 1866 which became the Sisters Hospital and later the Bonanza Inn and which is still standing. The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1875 to 1876.



County Courthouse – Madison



















Old County Courthouse – Virginia City





Photos taken 2009 and 2011