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Union County

Union County is named as a comprise after a dispute between local Whigs and Democrats as to whether the county should be named for Henry Clay or Andrew Jackson.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Mecklenburg CountyCabarrus County and Stanly County

E – Anson County

S – Chesterfield County, South Carolina and Lancaster County, South Carolina

W – Lancaster County, South Carolina


Created:  December 12, 1842                Map of North Carolina highlighting Union County

County Seat: 

Tabbott’s Crossroads  1842 – 1844

Monroe                        1844 – present


County Courthouse – Monroe  


Location:  300 North Main Street / West Franklin Street

Built:  1886 – 1887

Style:  Late Victorian

Architect:  Thomas J Holt

Contractor:  J T Hart


Description:  The building faces east and is a two story red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Monroe. The building has a small portico at the front supported by four thin columns. Above the portico are three arched windows with pediment at the roof line, and with inset arched window on either side on the second story. A projecting cornice runs below the roof line on the main section of the building. On the center of the roof is a large square clock tower, erected in 1903. The interior has an axial hall with stairs rising to the stories above at the north and south ends. The stairs feature massive newel posts, turned balusters, and molded rails. The first story is simply finished with plastered walls and vertically sheathed wainscot. The courtroom is located at the center of the second story and is very large and impressive space. There are five arched windows down each side. The wall bays are divided by pilasters which support a full entablature of which the frieze is ornamented with garlands and cartouches. The room contains the usual courtroom furniture and appointments. An addition was constructed in 1922. The architect was Charles C Hook and the contractor was J M Tucker. The building was renovated in 1986. The architect was Marshall Pyne McDowell and the contractor was Harry A Godfrey. The building was restored in 2021. The architect was Walter Robb Callahan & Pierce of Winston Salem and the contractor was Progressive Contracting Company Inc. of Sanford.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Union County Courthouse


County Judicial Center – Monroe  



Location:  400 North Main Street / West Jefferson Street

Built:  2003 – 2004

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Freeman White and Ware Bonsall Architects

Contractor:  F N Thompson


Description:  The building faces west and is a four story, brick, glass and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds to the north of the courthouse in the center of Monroe. The building faces onto the plaza. The south section is a pink color with recessed entrance and three banks of vertical windows on the west side. The north section is dark red with a five story tower with small windows. The building houses the County Superior Court and County District Court of the 20th Judicial District. 


See:  The 20th Judicial District includes Stanly County and Union County.


History:  The county was created in 1842 and Tabbott’s Crossroad was selected as the county seat. In 1844, the county seat was moved to Monroe and the first courthouse, a wood structure was built in 1845. The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1886 to 1887. The Judicial Center was constructed in 2003 to 2004.


County Administration Building – Monroe  



Location:  500 North Main Street / West Jefferson Street

Built:  1971 – 1972

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Hennings Durham & Richardson Inc.

Contractor:  Kirkpatrick & Associates Inc.


Description:  The building faces south and is a nine story glass, brick and concrete structure. The building faces onto a plaza and is located to the north of the courthouse in the center of Monroe. . On the east side is the nine story tower and main building is three stories. White horizontal concrete bands run between the stories on the main section and white colored vertical bands divide the exterior walls. The building was renovated in 2005. The architect was Ramsay Burgin Smith Architects. The building served as the courthouse from 1972 to 2005.



County Courthouse – Monroe















County Judicial Center – Monroe





County Administration Building – Monroe







Photos taken 2008