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Shelby County

Shelby County is named for Issac Shelby, who was Governor of Kentucky. 


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Jefferson County and Saint Clair County

E – Talladega County and Coosa County

S – Chilton County

W – Tuscaloosa County and Jefferson County


Created:  February 7, 1818                                                        Map of Alabama highlighting Shelby County

County Seat:         

Shelbyville  1820 – 1826

Columbiana   1826 – present


County Courthouse – Columbiana


Location:  112 North Main Street / Depot Street

Built:  1905 – 1906

Style:  Beaux Arts

Architect:  Bruce Architectural Company of Birmingham

Contractor:  B G Bynum Construction Company of Montgomery


Description:  The building faces east and is a three story flagstone structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Columbiana. The east front has a high portico supported by four columns rising to a pediment. Each corner of the building has a square tower with dome. On the center of the roof is an octagonal dome with clock and cupola at the top. In the interior, the hallways and stairs have marble wainscotting. The County Circuit Court courtroom is located on the secons story. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 18th Judicial Circuit and the County District Court and County Probate Court. An addition was built in 1954 and 1955. The architect was Martin J Lide of Birmingham and the contractor was E C Coston. Renovations were done in 1992. The architect was R M Cunningham. An addition was added in 2002. The architect was Rick Lathan.


Old County Courthouse – Columbiana



Location: South Main Street / Mildred Street

Built:  1854 – 1855

Style:  Jeffersonian

Architect:  McCan & Williamson

Contractor:  McCan & Williamson


Description:  The building faces north and is a two story gray colored stucco frame structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Columbiana. The north front has a projecting center section with arched entrance on the first area with arched window on the second story. The roof is hipped. The building was expanded in 1881. The building served as the courthouse until 1907 and became the City Hall.


Note:  The cost of construction was $2500.


History:  The county was created in 1818 and Shelbyville was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was erected in Shelbyville in 1820. The county seat was moved to Columbiana in 1826. The second courthouse was a wood frame school structure. The third courthouse was constructed in 1854 to 1855 and is still standing. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1906



County Courthouse – Columbiana





















Old County Courthouse – Columbiana









Photos taken 2010 and 2023