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Wood County

Wood County is named for James Wood, who was a Governor of Virginia.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Washington County, Ohio and Pleasants County

E – Richie County and Wirt County

S – Jackson County 

W – Meigs County, Ohio, Athens County, Ohio and  Washington County, Ohio


Created:  December 21, 1798                Map of West Virginia highlighting Wood County

County Seat: 

Parkersburg  1798 – present


County Courthouse – Parkersburg 


Location:  1 Courthouse Square / 3rd Street & Market Street

Built:  1899 – 1900

Style:  Romanesque

Architect:   L W Thomas of Canton, Ohio

Contractor:  Caldwell & Drake of Columbus, Indiana


Description:  The building faces northwest and is a three rough stone story structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Parkersburg. The northwest front has a large arched entrance on the first floor with a high square stone tower rising eight stories to an open section. Each corner of the building has a square tower with steep red colored roof and dormer windows. The upper windows are arched. The roof is sloped. In the interior there is an iron stairway and mosaic floors. The courtroom on the second story has a stained glass window. During construction W F Wood was the superintendent. On the west side is the County Administratiion Building and on southwest side is the County Judicial Building and to the south is the County Magistrate Court Building.


Note: On 2 July 2020 a new steeple was added to the bell tower replacing one that had been removed in 1952. With the new steeple the courthouse is now the tallest in West Virginia at 164 feet.


See:  The contractor, Caldwell & Drake Construction of Columbus, Indiana also constructed courthouses in Boone County, Monroe CountyPutnam County and Starke County; in Ohio in Mahoning County and Ottawa County; in Pennsylvania in Somerset County, and in West Virginia in Wetzel County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Wood County Courthouse


County Judicial Building – Parkersburg 



Location:  2 Government Square / Market Street

Built:  1982 – 1983

Style:  Modern

Architect:   Silling Associates, Inc. and Earl C Stephensand

Contractor:   E Stephens Construction Company


Description:  The building faces northeast and is a three story buff colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Parkersburg to the southwest of the courthouse. The northeast front has horizontal glass panels on each story with brown colored panels between the stories. Along the sides are narrow vertical windows. The roof line is flat. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 4th Judicial Circuit and County Family Court. The building is named as the Holmes R Shaver Judicial Building. 


Note:  The Magistrate Court Building is located at  401 2nd Street and Green Street.


History:  The county was created in 1798 and Parkersburg was selected as the county seat. The county met at the home of Hugh Phelps  The first courthouse was a two story log structure built in 1802. The second courthouse was built in 1817. The third courthouse was a two story brick structure built in 1860 at a cost of $25,000. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1899 to 1900 at a cost of $100,000. The County Judicial Building was constructed in 1982 to 1983.



County Courthouse – Parkersburg



















County Judicial Building – Parkersburg









County Administration Building – Parkersburg





Photos taken 2012