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Fairfield County

Fairfield County is named for the beauty of its “fair fields”.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Licking County

E – Perry County

S – Hocking County and Pickaway County

W – Pickaway County and Franklin County


Created:  December 9, 1800                  Map of Ohio highlighting Fairfield County

County Seat:

Lancaster  1800 – present


County Courthouse – Lancaster


Location:  210 East Main Street / South High Street

Built:  1868 – 1871

Style:  Neo-Classical

Architect:  Jacob B Orman

Contractor:  Blaire and Ebner


Description:  The building faces north and is a two story yellow colored stone  structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Lancaster and is a rectangular shape constructed of locally quarried stone. The north front has a small central arch and is flanked by inner Corinthian columns and an outer Corinthian pilaster. The door is located inside a recessed portico and is topped by a fanlight. The windows are arched. A cornice runs between the first and second stories. The eave along the roof line projects from the building and has filigree. The flat roof is supported by an entablature with urns on the corners. In the interior, the former County Court of Common Pleas courtroom is located on the southeast side of the second story and houses the Commissioners Meeting Room. The architect was Jacob B Orman and the contractor was Blaire & Ebner. The building now serves as the County Administration.


County Hall of Justice – Lancaster



Location:  224 East Main Street / South High Street

Built:  1973 – 1975

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Bletzacker & DeVolt of Lancaster

Contractor:  Paul Construction Company Inc. of Zanesville


Description:  The building faces north and is a three story red colored brick structure. The first story has a projecting center entrance section on the first story. There is a hipped roof with dormers. The building houses the County Court of Common Pleas and County Court of Common Plwas – Probate and Juvenile Divisions.


See:  Ohio Court of Appeals – Canton ( 5th Appellate District )


History:  The county was created in 1800 and Lancaster was selected as the county seat. The courts held session in leased locations including a log schoolhouse in Lancaster (New Lancaster). The first courthouse was a two story brick structure built in 1806 to 1807 at Broad Street and Main Street. In 1867 the courthouse was torn down and the courts were held in the First German Reformed Church on West Church Street. The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1869 to 1872 at a cost of $138,000. The Hall of Justice was constructed in 1973 to 1975.



County Courthouse – Lancaster





















Former County Court of Common Pleas courtroom











County Hall of Justice 







Photos taken 2012 and 2018