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Escambia County


Escambia County is named for the Escambia River which name comes from a Spanish word for “barter” or “exchange”, or from the Creek Native American word “Shambia” meaning “clear water”.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

 Monroe County and Conecuh County

E – Covington County

S – Okaloosa County, Florida, Santa Rosa County, Florida and Escambia County, Florida

W – Baldwin County


Created:  December 10, 1868                                                    Map of Alabama highlighting Escambia County

County Seat:

Pollard    1868 – 1882

Brewton  1882 – present


County Courthouse – Brewton


Location:  314 Belleville Avenue / Henderson Street

Built:  1960

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Charles H McCauley

Contractor:  Bear Brothers Inc.


Description:  The building faces west and is a two story white colored stucco and concrete structure. The building is located on spacious landscaped grounds in the center of Brewton. The west front has a porch with six vertical pillars rising to a wide header along the roof line. The north and south sides of the building have vertical windows with panels between. The roof line is flat. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 21st Judicial Circuit and the County District Court and County Probate Court. On the south side is a one story addition which is joined to a two story building at the southeast.


Old County Courthouse – Brewton



Location:  NW – Belleville Avenue / Court Street

Built:  1885 – 1886

Style:  Colonial

Architect:  Rudolph Bundley

Contractor:  Charles Schneider


Description:  The building faces east and is a two story white colored stucco structure.  The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Brewton to the west of the courthouse. The east front has a large portico with four white colored columns rising to a pediment at the roof line. There is a balcony on the second story with arched window. The roof is hipped. The building is now The Leigh Place a private residence. .


History:  The county was created in 1868 and Pollard was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was built in Pollard in 1873. The courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1879 and the court used the home of Joe Jernigan. The county seat was moved to Brewton in 1883. The second courthouse was built in 1855 to 1856 and is still standing. The third courthouse was designed by Frank Lockwood & Smith and constructed by F M Dobson in 1901. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1960.



County Courthouse – Brewton



















Old County Courthouse – Brewton











Photos taken 2009 and 2020