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Madison County

Madison County is named for James Madison, who was the fourth President of the United States of America.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

– Brooks County, Georgia and Lowndes County, Georgia

E – Hamilton County and Suwannee County

S – Lafayette County and Taylor County

W – Jefferson County


Created:  December 26, 1827                Map of Florida highlighting Madison County

County Seat:

San Pedro  1827 – 1840

Madison      1840 – present


County Courthouse – Madison


Location:  125 SW Range Street / Base Street

Built:  1913 – 1914

Style:  Classical Revival

Architect:  Bishop and Greer

Contractor:  J L Crouse


Description: The building faces west and is a two story buff colored brick and stone structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Madison. The west and east fronts have high porticos supported by four large columns rising to a pediment at the roof line. There is stone trim on the corners. A balustrade runs along the roof line. On the center of the roof is a square tower topped with a white colored cupola with clock. There are smaller domes on each corner of the building. In the interior there are wide hallways on the first story. The large County Circuit Court courtroom is located on the second story. The courtroom has a high ceiling and a small balcony. The building houses the Circuit Court of the 3rd Judicial Circuit and County Court. The building was remodeled in 1988 to 1989. The architect was Clemans, Rutherford and Associates and the contractor was W Dawson Rutherford Construction Company. On the grounds is a tall water standpipe located on the southeast side and on the south side is the two story red colored brick and concrete County Courthouse Annex.


See:  The 3rd Judicial Circuit includes Columbia CountyDixie County, Hamilton County, Lafayette CountySuwannee County and Taylor County.


See:  The county is located in the First Judicial District of the Court of Appeal – First Judicial District located in Tallahassee.


History:  The county was created in 1827 and San Pedro was selected as the first county seat. The first courthouse was a log building erected in San Pedro after 1827. The county seat was moved to Madison in 1840 and the second courthouse was built by Adoniran Van in the same year. The courthouse burned in 1876. The third courthouse was a brick structure built in 1880. The courthouse burned in 1912. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1913 to 1914.



County Courthouse – Madison













County Circuit Court courtroom



















Water Standpipe





County Courthouse Annex – Madison



Photos taken 2009 and 2023