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Frederick County

Frederick County is named for Frederick Lewis, who was Prince of Wales and the eldest son of King George II of Great Britain.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N  – Morgan County, West Virginia and Berkeley County, West Virginia

E  – Clarke County and Warren County

S – Warren County and Shenandoah County

W – Hardy County, West Virginia and Hampshire County, West Virginia

Surrounds Independent City – Winchester


Created:  August 1, 1738                        Map of Virginia highlighting Frederick County

County Seat: 

Winchester  1743 – present


County Courthouse – Winchester 


Location:  5 North Kent Street / East Boscawen Street

Built:  1982 – 1984

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum

Contractor:  Howard Shookey and Sons, Inc.


Description:  The building faces west and is a three story red colored brick, concrete and glass structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of the city. On the west front, the center section projects from the main building. On the west and south sides the first story has a series of concrete arches. The central entrance on the west side is recessed. A horizontal band runs below the flat roof line. The building houses the County Circuit Court, County General District Court and County Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court of the 26th Judicial District. 


Old County Courthouse – Winchester 



Location:  20 North Loudon Street / Rouss Street

Built:  1839 – 1841

Style:  Greek Revival

Architect:  Robert Clay Long of Baltimore, Maryland

Contractor:  Unknown Local trades and labor


Description:  The building faces west and is a two story red colored brick structure. The rectangular shaped building is located on a landscaped square in the center of the Winchester. The west front has a large porch with four large white Doric columns rising to a pediment at the gabled roof. On the center of the roof is a square white colored cupola with clock at the top. In the interior on the first story is a ten foot wide hall with four foot high paneled wood wainscot, large chandelier and slate floor in the entry hall. There is a courtroom on the first story. A staircase rises to the second story and the courtroom which has double entry doors. Raised platforms with spectator benches extend along the wall separating the hall from the courtroom. In the center of the room four columns with a low railing separate an eight-inch-high raised lawyers’ platform from open space and spectator benches along either (north and south) sidewall. The rail is walnut and the square balusters are painted a white color. A raised platform is situated along the entire east wall. The building served as the courthouse until 1984. The building now houses a museum.


 See:  National Register of Historic Places – Old Frederick County Courthouse


See:  The 26th Judicial Circuit includes Clarke CountyHarrisonburg, Page County, Rockingham CountyShenandoah County and Winchester.


History:  The county was created in 1738 and Winchester was selected as the county seat in 1743 when the county was organized. The first courthouse was a log structure built by John Hardin in 1749 to 1751. The second courthouse was built in 1785. The third courthouse constructed in 1839 to 1840 at a cost $12,000. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1982 to 1984.



County Courthouse – Winchester















Old County Courthouse











Photos taken 2012