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Rockingham County

Rockingham is named for the Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, who was a Prime Minister of Great Britain.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Hardy County, West Virginia, Shenandoah County and Page County

E – Page CountyGreene County and Albemarle County

S – Augusta County

W – Pendleton County, West Virginia

Surrounds Independent City – Harrisonburg


Created:  October 20. 1777                    Map of Virginia highlighting Rockingham County

County Seat: 

Harrisonburg  1777 – present


County Courthouse – Harrisonburg 


Location:  80 Courthouse Square / Market Street

Built:  1896 – 1897

Style:  Romanesque

Architect:  T J Collins & Son

Contractor:  W E Spiers


Description:  The building faces south and is a three story buff colored rough cut stone structure. The building is located on the landscaped grounds of Courthouse Square in the center of Harrisonburg. The south front has a one story stone porch with three arches and one arch on each side. The second story has a balcony with square stone tower rising to five stories with clock and green colored dome at the top. The hipped roof is red colored. In the interior, the Circuit Court courtroom is located on the second story and has a tall oak judge’s bench set in a recess. Behind the bench is a paneled screen with carved tablet of the scales of justice.Paneled doors divide the chamber from the auditorium which has a sloping floor. The former District Court courtroom was on the third story. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 26th Judicial District. The building was renovated in 1931. The architect was C H Hinnant of Lynchburg and the contractor was Harrisburg Building & Supply Company. The building was further renovated in 1993 to 1994. The architect was The Mosely-McClintock Group and the contractor was Nielsen Construction Company, Inc.


See: The architect T J Collins & Son also designed the courthouses in Augusta County and Bath County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Rockingham County Courthouse


County Judicial Center – Harrisonburg 



Location:  53 Courthouse Square / West Market Street

Built:  1991 – 1993

Style:  Modern

Architect:  McClintock & Associates of Harrisburg and I V Harris & Associates, Inc. of Virginia Beach

Contractor:  Howard Shockey & Sons, Inc. of Winchester


Description:  The building faces northeast and is a two story buff colored stucco and concrete structure. The building is located in the center of Harrisonburg on the west side of the courthouse. The main entrance entrance is located on the northeast corner with a recessed porch supported by one tall pillar. Along the east and north sides are arches on the first story, The windows are small. The red colored roof is hipped. The building houses the County General District Court and County Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court of the 26th Judicial District. 


See:  The 26th Judicial Circuit includes Clarke CountyFrederick County, Harrisonburg, Page County, Shenandoah County and Winchester.


History The first courthouse in 1778 was a log building located on the estate of Daniel Smith at Smithland about two miles northeast of Harrisonburg. The second courthouse was built by Robert Campbell on the Courthouse Square 1n 1779 to 1780 and during the construction, the court met at the stone house of Thomas Harrison. The courthouse was damaged and the court met at the home of Andrew Shanklin. The third courthouse was a two story stone structure built by Brewer Reeves on the Courthouse Square in 1791. The fourth courthouse was built on the Courthouse Square in 1833 to 1834. Philip Armentrout did the foundation work. Jacob and William Newman laid the brick, and Adam Lushbaugh, of Staunton, did the woodwork. James Payne plastered the interior and N Sprinkle & Brothers did the painting. Strother Effinger and Daniel Piper installed the tin roof, while William Reherd performed the iron work throughout. Harrisonburg gun maker John Crummey, with assistance from George S. Logan, made the ball and fish weathervane for the brick courthouse. In 1873, the court moved to the Old Federal Building. The fifth courthouse was constructed in 1874 by Holmes and Rust of Charles Town, West Virginia at a cost of $11,450. The sixth and present courthouse building was constructed in 1896 to 1897 at a cost of $96,826.24. The County Justice Center was constructed in 1991 to 1993.



County Courthouse – Harrisonburg































Picture 1833 County Courthouse



Picture 1874 County Courthouse



County Judicial Center – Harrisonburg









Photos taken 2013