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Mercer County

Mercer County is named for Hugh Mercer, who was a Brigadier General during the American Revolutionary War.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Raleigh County, Summers County and Monroe County

E – Giles County, Virginia

S – Bland County, Virginia and Tazewell County, Virginia

W – McDowell County and Wyoming County


Created:  March 17, 1837                       Map of West Virginia highlighting Mercer County

County Seat: 

Princeton  1837 – present


County Courthouse – Princeton 


Location:  1501 Main Street / Scott Street

Built:  1930 – 1931

Style:  Art Deco / Moderne

Architect:  Alex B Mahood

Contractor:  Boone, Eason & Wood


Description:  The building faces south and is a four story Indiana limestone structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Princeton. The building is designed in the form of an “H” with projecting east and west two story wings. The first story has a recessed central entrance. Vertical windows rise from the second to the third stories. The fourth story has small windows. The building is embellished with Roman architectural motifs including faces, medallions, engaged pilasters and fluting. The friezes depict in heroic form the progress of the county from pioneer times and terminate in images of the machine age. Friezes above the front and rear doors were designed by Mrs. S L Mahood, the mother of the architect. The roof line is flat. In the interior, the stairwells have an Art Deco design. The panels of the newel posts are cast in a vertical row of fan-like figures. There is a central corridor on the first story. The northern section od the second story houses the Circuit Court courtroom and the southern section houses the Criminal Court courtroom.  The courtrooms have black walnut originally rubbed to a dull sheen to match the walnut furnishings. Ceiling plasterwork is painted in colors of white, light yellow and light blue. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 9th Judicial Circuit and County Family Court. 


Note:  The first courthouse was built in 1839 by Ledbetter and was destroyed by fire in 1862. The next courthouse was built in 1874 by Andrew Fillinger and was destroyed by fire the following year in 1875. The previous courthouse was constructed in 1876 by D W McClaughterty and additions were added in 1888 constructed by John C Darst and in 1909 constructed by Witt Brothers.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Mercer County Courthouse


County Justice Center – Princeton



Location:  120 Scott Street / Main Street

Built:  2003 – 2005

Style:  Modern

Architect:  E Todd Bogess

Contractor:  Swope Construction Company


Description:  The building faces northeast and is a two story glass and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Princeton to the southwest of the courthouse. The center section has a framed entrance with pilasters and pediment at the roof line. On either side of the center section are curved glass walls. The southeast wing and north west wing have flat roof lines. The building houses the County Magistrate Court. 


History:  The county was created in 1837 and Princeton was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was built in 1839 by Ledbetter. The courthouse was so badly built that it was rebuilt as the second courthouse. The courthouse was burned in 1862. The third courthouse was built by George Evans at Concord Church but was abandoned as too costly. The fourth courthouse was built by Andrew Fillinger in 1874 but was destroyed by fire in 1875. The fifth courthouse was a two story red colored brick structure built by D W McClaughterty in 1876, An addition was built by John C Darst in 1888 and an addition built by Witt Brothers in 1909. The sixth and present courthouse was constructed in 1930 to 1931 at a cost of $400,000. The County Justice Center was constructed in 2003 to 2005.



County Courthouse – Princeton























County Justice Center – Princeton









Photos taken 2012