Skip to content
Home » US States » H-L » Illinois » Cumberland County

Cumberland County

Cumberland County is named for the Cumberland Road which derived its name from Cumberland, Maryland.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Coles County

E – Clark County 

S – Jasper County and Effingham County

W – Effingham County and Shelby County


Created:  March 2, 1843                                                             Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County

County Seat:

Greenup  1843 – 1855

Toledo     1855 – present


County Courthouse – Toledo


Location:  Courthouse Square / Main   Street

Built:  1887 – 1888

Style:   Georgian Revival

Architect:  H P McDonald and Brothers of Louisville, Kentucky

Contractor:  S S Goehring and L L Pierson


Description: The building faces east and is a two story dark red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Toledo. The east and west sides have one story porticos supported by two columns with balcony on the second story. The second story windows are arched and narrow. On the center of the roof is a high white colored square clock tower with steep roof. The roof is hipped. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 5th Judicial Circuit.


See:  The architect H P McDonald and Brothers of Louisville, Kentucky supplied the plans for the courthous.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Cumberland County Courthouse


See:  The 5th Judicial District includes Clark CountyColes County, Cumberland CountyEdgar County and Vermilion County.


History:  The county was created in 1843 and Greenup was selected as the county seat. In 1855 the county seat was moved to Toledo ( Prairie City ). The first courthouse was a two story structure built in 1857 by Bennett Beals and Wiley Ross at a cost of $10,500. The courthouse burned on November 4, 1885. The second and present courthouse was constructed in 1887 to 1888 at a cost of $17,700.



County Courthouse – Toledo













Photos taken 2008