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Anderson County


Anderson County is named for Kenneth L Anderson, who was the Vice President of the Republic of Texas.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Henderson County

E – Cherokee County

S – Houston County

W – Leon CountyFreestone County and Navarro County


Created:  March 24, 1845                       Map of Texas highlighting Anderson County

County Seat: 

Fort Houston  1846 – 1847

Palestine        1847 – present


County Courthouse – Palestine


Location:  500 North Church Street / East Crawford Street

Built:  1913 – 1914

Style:  Beaux Arts

Architect:  Charles H Page and Brother of Austin

Contractor:  R G Bryalson


Description:  The building faces west and is a three story dark brown colored brick and stone structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Palestine. The building sits on a gentle sloped hill. The west front has a large portico with three rectangular openings on the first story. Above the entrance, the portico is supported by six high columns rising from the second story to the top of the third story with a pediment above, Across the face of the building are columns rising from the second story to the top of the third story. There is a wide cornice at the roof line with a balustrade above. On the center of the roof is a large silver colored dome with the statue of Justice at the top. In the interior there is a spiral staircase in the center of the building with stained glass skylight at the bottom of the dome. Located on the second story, the County District Court courtroom is a two story high chamber with a curved ceiling and a painted mural at the top of rear. There is another County District Court courtroom on the west side. The County Court at Law courtroom is located in the southeast corner of the third story. The building houses the County District Court, Constitutional County Court and County Court at Law of the 10th Administrative Judicial Region. The building was restored in 1986.


See:  The architect, C H Page and Brother of Austin designed other courthouses in Fort Bend County, Hall County, Hays County, Hunt County, Orange County, Travis County, Trinity County and Williamson County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Anderson County Courthouse


See:  The 10th Administrative Judicial Region has a main office in Longview in Gregg County.


History:  The county was created in 1845 and Fort Houston was selected as the county seat in 1846. The first court was held in a log house at nearby Fort Houston in 1846. In 1847, the county seat was moved to Palestine. The first courthouse was a one story frame structure built in 1847. The second courthouse was a brick structure built in 1856. The third courthouse was also a brick structure designed by W C Dodson and Dudley and constructed by George A Wright in 1885 and was destroyed by fire in 1913. The fourth and present courthouse was constructed in 1913 to 1914.



County Courthouse – Palestine





















State District Court courtroom



















County District Court courtroom











County Court courtroom







Cornerstone 1885 County Courthouse





Photos taken 2010 and 2019