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James City County

James City County is named for King James I of England.


Surrounding County Courthouses:

N – New Kent County

E – King and Queen CountyGloucester CountyYork County and Newport News

S – Surry County

W – Charles City County and New Kent County


Created:  1634                                        Map of Virginia highlighting James City County

County Seat: 

Jamestown    1634 – 1715

Williamsburg  1715 – present


County Courthouse – Williamsburg


Location:  5201 Monticello Avenue / Courthouse Street

Built:  1998 – 2000

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Jorge L Hernand & Francis Lyn

Contractor:  Moseley, Harris & McClintock


Description:  The building faces west and is a three story brown colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds on the west side of the center of the city. The west front has a one story brick portico with four brick pillars and recessed entance. Above the portico is a circular window. On the hipped roof are three square glass cupolas. The building is the James City – Williamsburg Courthouse. 


Note:  The county is one of the original 8 shires in 1634, being James City Shire.


Note:  The cost of construction was $11,000,000.


Old County Courthouse – Williamsburg



Location:  101 Duke of Gloucester Street / Palace Green Street

Built:  1770 – 1771

Style:  Georgian

Architect:  Robert Smith

Contractor:  Unknown


Description:  The building faces south and is a one story red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds with Market Square on the north side in Colonial Williamsburg in the center of city. The south front has an extended pediment section at the roof line with arched entrance below. The tall windows are ached with white colored shutters. The hipped roof rests on an entablature with dentil moldings. The roof is pierced on both sides by a chimney and a central octagonal drum capped with a dome and a spire.  The building was damaged by fire in 1911 and was restored. The architect was Lee & Diehl.


Note: The courthouse was the site where  Benjamin Waiker read aloud the Declaration of Independence on July 25, 1776, after it arrived from Philadelphia. The building was used as a hospital for the Confederate Army after the Battle of Williamsburg .


See:  The 9th Judicial Circuit includes Charles City County, Gloucester County, King and Queen CountyKing William County, Mathews County, Middlesex County, New Kent CountyPoquoson, Williamsburg and York County.


Note:  The first court met in Jamestown in 1634 in taverns, dwellings and the Statehouse.  In 1676, the first courthouse was built. From 1691 to 1698, the court met in the Statehouse. In 1721, a courthouse built in Williamsburg and in 1770, the old courthouse was built. In 1932, a courthouse was constructed at Francis Street and England Street. In 1969, a courthouse was constructed on Henry Street.



County Courthouse – Williamsburg 



















Old Courthouse









Photos taken 2013