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Morgan County

Morgan County is named for Daniel Morgan, who was a general who earned distinction during the American Revolution at Quebec and Saratoga.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Cass County

E – Sangamon County

S – Macoupin County and Greene County

W – Scott CountyPike County and Brown County


Created:  January 31, 1823                                                        Map of Illinois highlighting Morgan County

County Seat:

Olmstead’s Mounds  1821 – 1825

Jacksonville               1825 – present


County Courthouse – Jacksonville


Location:  300 West State Street / North West Street

Built:  1868 – 1870

Style:  French Renaissance / Italianate

Architect:  Gurdon Paine Randall of Chicago

Contractor:  Charles R Underwood of Shelbyville


Description: The building faces south and is a two story rough buff limestone structure. The building is located in the center of Jacksonville. The south front has wide steps leading up to three arched entrances with recessed doorway in the centre. Above the arches is a double window on the second story with single arched windows on either side. Above that is the date 1868 with rounded roof. On the southeast and southwest corners are two large towers, with the southwest tower rising three stories to a steep mansard red colored roof. The building is constructed of limestone with every third tier running through the entire wall. The exterior rusticated stone blocks came from the quarries of Joliet. In the interior has a central hall which divided the first story. The grand staircase on the east side leads up to the courtroom on the second story. The courtroom ceiling is a patterned pressed tin with a central rosette. The building was restored in 2009. The architect was White & Borgognoni of St. Louis, Missouri and the contractor was Evans-Mason Inc. of Springfield.


See:  The architect, Gurdon Paine Randall of Chicago also designed the courthouses in Montgomery County; and in Georgia in Bibb Countyin Indiana in Benton County and Marshall Countyand in Michigan in Menominee County


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Morgan County Courthouse


See:  The 7th Judicial District includes Greene CountyJersey CountyMacoupin CountySangamon County and Scott County.


History:  The county was created in 1823 and Olmstead’s Mounds was selected as the county seat. In 1825, the county seat was moved to Jacksonville. The first courthouse was a two story frame structure built in 1826 at a cost of $450. The courthouse burned on December 6, 1827. The second courthouse was built in 1830 at a cost of $4,000. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1868 to 1870 at a cost of $204,000.



County Courthouse – Jacksonville







Photos taken 2007 and 2012