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Jackson County

Jackson County is named for Andrew Jackson, who defeated the British in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 and who was a President of the United States of America.

 

Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Brown County and Bartholomew County

E – Jennings County and Scott County

S – Scott County and Washington County

W – Lawrence County and Monroe County

 

Created:  December 18, 1815                                                    Map of Indiana highlighting Jackson County

County Seat: 

Valonia          1816

Brownstown  1816 – present

 

County Courthouse – Brownstown

 

Location:  111 South  Main Street / Walnut Street

Built:  1870 – 1873 / 1910 – 1911

Style:  Second Empire and Neo-Classical

Architect:  David Bolen /  Elmer E Dunlap and Marshall E Van Arman

Contractor:  Travis Carter and Company /  Heizmann Brothers

 

Description:  The building faces west and is a two story buff colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on the landscaped grounds of the Courthouse Square in the center of Brownstown. The west front has a portico with four large columns rising to the top of the second story. A wide cornice runs below the roof line. Above the west entrance is a tall square brick clock tower with flat roof. In the interior, the west side has a white colored marble walled vestibule which leads into the central two story atrium. Two “U” shaped staircases ascend to the second story where the large rectangular shaped courtroom takes up the entire east half of the central portion of the building. The walls have dark stained wood with raised center wainscoting and plaster walls above that. A wooden picture rail runs three-quarters of the way up the wall and wood crown molding with an egg and dart motif terminates the walls. The large judge’s bench is located in the center of the south wall. The building was renovated in 1910 to 1911. The architect was Elmer E Dunlap and Marshall E Van Arman and the contractor was Heizmann Brothers.

 

See:  The architect, Elmer E Dunlap of Indianapolis also designed courthouses in Carroll CountyFranklin County, Pike County and Spencer County.

 

County Judicial Center – Brownstown

 

Location:  109 South  Sugar Street / Walnut Street

Built:  2016 – 2018

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Ratio Architects/DZL Engineering

Contractor:  RQAW Consultilng Engineers and Architects of Indianapolis

 

Description:  The building faces west and is a two story dark brown colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Brownstown on the east side of the courthouse. The center section on the west front projects from the main building and has three rectangular shaped openings on the first story and three arched windows on the second story. A projecting cornice runs along the flat roof line. The building houses the County Circuit Court and County Superior Court of the 21st Judicial District. The project manager was Garmong Construction Services of Terre Haute.

 

See:  The 21st Judicial District includes Bartholomew CountyBrown CountyDecatur County and Jennings County.

 

History:  The county was created in 1815 and Vallonia was selected as the county seat in 1816. The county seat was moved to Brownstown the same year. The first courthouse was a log structure built by John Ketchum in 1816. The second courthouse was a brick structure built by William Crenshaw. The third courthouse was a brick structure designed by Abel Findley and built by Samuel Peck. In 1835.  The fourth courthouse was designed by David Bolen and built by Travis Carter & Company in 1872 at a cost of $45,370. The courthouse was  reconstructed in 1910 to 1911 at a cost of $225,000. The County Judicial Center was constructed in 2016 to 2018.

 

 

Satellite County Courthouse – Seymour

 

Location:  109 South  Sugar Street / Walnut Street

Built:  Unknown

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Unknown

Contractor:  Unknown

 

Description:  The building faces south and is a one story red colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds to the southwest of the center of Seymour, The center section has a large arched glass paneled section and above rises to a peak above the roof line. On the west side is an extension. The hipped roof is a green color. The building houses the County Superior Court of the 21st Judicial District.

 

 

County Courthouse – Brownstown

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photos taken 2008