Skip to content
Home » US States » H-L » Illinois » Wabash County

Wabash County

Wabash County is named for the Wabash River, which is derived from the English spelling of the French name for the river “Ouabache” which was named after the  Miami Indian word for the river “Wabashike” meaning “pure white” as the river bottom is white limestone.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Richland County and Lawrence County

E – Knox County, Indiana and Gibson County, Indiana

S – Gibson County, Indiana and White County

W – Edwards County


Created:  December 27, 1824                                                    Map of Illinois highlighting Wabash County

County Seat:

Palmyra             1825

Centerville         1825 – 1829

Mount Carmel   1829 – present


County Courthouse – Mount Carmel


Location:  401 North Market Street / East 4th Street

Built:  1959 – 1960

Style:  Moderne

Architect:  John L Hagel of Evansville, Indiana

Contractor:  W R Steele


Description: The building faces west and is a two story buff colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Mount Carmel. The building was rebuilt and replaced the old building built in 1880 to 1881. The building was  remodeled in 1963. The building has a modern square line appearance. The north section of the building comes to the street. The entrance is recessed and has a one story covered porch. The south section is behind the entrance. The roof line is flat. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 2nd Judicial Circuit.


See:  The 2nd Judicial Circuit includes Crawford County, Edwards CountyFranklin County, Gallatin CountyHamilton County, Hardin County, Jefferson CountyLawrence County, Richland County, Wayne County and White County.


History :  Palmyra, along the Wabash River, became the first county seat in 1824 and the house of Gervase Hazleton was rented by the county as the first courthouse. The county seat was moved to Centerville in 1825. The second courthouse was a frame two story structure built by Moses Bedell in 1826 at a cost of $715. The county seat moved to Mount Carmel in 1829. The third courthouse was a two story  structure at a cost of $4,000. The courthouse burned in 1857. The fourth courthouse was built by Hiram Bell in 1857 at a cost of $6,770. The courthouse was destroyed by a tornado in 1877. The fifth courthouse was designed by James Higbee and constructed by A Halterback in 1881. The sixth and present courthouse was the remodeling of the previous courthouse in 1959 to 1960.



County Courthouse – Mount Carmel











Commission Minutes 1959

Photos taken 2008 and 2012