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Richland County

Richland County is named for Richland County in Ohio through the influence of emigrants from that county.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Jasper County and Crawford County

E – Lawrence County

S – Wabash County, Edwards County and Wayne County 

W – Clay County


Created:  February 24, 1841                                                      Map of Illinois highlighting Richland County

County Seat:

Olney  1841 – present


County Courthouse – Olney


Location:  103 West Main Street / South Whittle Avenue

Built:  1914 – 1915

Style:  Neo-Classical

Architect:  Joseph W Royer of Urbana

Contractor:  Von Hoy & Son


Description: The building faces north and is a three story gray colored limestone structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Olney. The porticos on each side of the building are supported by four large Ionic columns rising to a pediment with clock at the roof line. On the first story are three arches at the entrances. The building has a wide eave along the flat roof line. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 2nd Judicial Circuit. 


See:  The architect Joseph W Royer of Urbana, Illinois designed courthouses in Illinois in Bureau CountyChampaign CountyClay County, Douglas County, Ford CountyGrundy CountyMarion County, and Piatt Countyin iowa in Linn Countyand in Wisconsin in Douglas County.


See:  The 2nd Judicial Circuit includes Crawford County, Edwards CountyFranklin County, Gallatin CountyHamilton County, Hardin County, Jefferson CountyLawrence County, Wabash CountyWayne County and White County.


 History:  The county was created in 1841 and Olney was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was a rented wood structure built by Asa H Beard and Henry Spring. The second courthouse was the log Methodist Episcopal Church built in 1843. The third courthouse was a two story frame structure built in 1846 to 1847 at a cost of $3,000. The fourth courthouse was a two story brick Italianate structure designed by J C Cochrane and constructed by Bartow& Gaddis in 1873 at a cost of $37,000. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1914 to 1915.



County Courthouse – Olney









Photos taken 2008