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Cherokee County

Cherokee County is named for the Cherokee Native American tribe.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Monroe County, Tennessee and  Graham County

E – Macon County and Clay County

S – Union County, Georgia and Fannin County, Georgia

W – Polk County, Tennessee


Created:  January 4, 1839                      Map of North Carolina highlighting Cherokee County

County Seat: 

Murphy  1839 – present


County Courthouse – Murphy 


Location:  75 Peachtree Street / Central Street

Built:  1927 – 1928

Style:  Beaux Arts

Architect:  James J Baldwin

Contractor:  James Fanning, Incorporated


Description:  The building faces southwest and is a two story gray colored Blue Marble stone and concrete structure. The building is located in the center of Murphy. The southwest corner of the building has a high portico with four columns rising at a pediment at the roof line. The building is tiered with west and south wings. On the center of the roof is a high octagonal dome with clock and black colored dome and small lantern at the top. In the interior, the first story has cross halls with marble wainscoting. The floor is laid in marble squares and a sunburst medallion fills the center space. The courtroom on the second story is a rectangular chamber with fine plaster and woodwork. There are paired Corinthian pilasters. A handsome pedimented wooden frontpiece is centered behind the judge’s bench with marble tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. The building houses the County Superior Court and County District Court of the 30th Judicial District. The building was renovated in 2012. The architect was Clark Patterson Lee and the contractor was Wells and West.


Note:  The courthouse is one of the very few marble courthouses in the United States and the blue marble was quarried locally.


See: The architect, James J Baldwin also designed courthouses in Georgia in Atkinson CountyBacon CountyBarrow County, Bleckley CountyCandler CountyEvans County, Lee County, Liberty County and Treutlen County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Cherokee County Courthouse


See:  The 30th Judicial District includes Clay County, Graham CountyHaywood County, Jackson County Macon County and Swain County.


History:  The county was created in 1839 and Murphy was selected as the county seat. The first courts were held at Fort Butler and at private homes. The first courthouse was a brick structure built by Archibald Russell Spence Hunter in 1840 to 1841. The courthouse was burned down in 1865 by raiders and the second courthouse, a brick structure, was built. The third courthouse was built in 1892 and burned in 1895. The fourth courthouse was designed by Bruce & Morgan in 1896 and destroyed by fire on January 16, 1926. The fifth and present courthouse was constructed in 1927 to 1928 at a cost of $200,000.



County Courthouse – Murphy

















Photos taken 2012