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Jackson County

Jackson County is named for Andrew Jackson, who was the 7th President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.


Surrounding County Courthouses:

N – Douglas County

E – Kalmath County

S – Siskiyou County, California

W – Josephine County


Created:  June 12, 1852                         Map of Oregon highlighting Jackson County

County Seat: 

Jacksonville  1852 – 1927

Medford         1927 – present


County Courthouse – Medford


Location:  10 South Oakdale Avenue / 8th Street

Built:  1931 – 1932

Style:  Art Deco and Stripped Classical

Architect:  John G Link Inc.

Contractor:  L H Hoffman.


Description:  The building faces east and is a three story granite, Indiana limestone and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Medford. There is terra cotta, glazed to match the texture of the limestone. The building is constructed of steel beams and reinforced concrete. The east front has a projecting center section with three rectangular openings on the first story. The section rises above the roof line.  The north and south wings project slightly. The roof line is flat. The public areas on the courthouse interior are elegantly finished. The second, or main floor of the courthouse, is reached by a sixteen-step stairway of Alaskan marble. Dark and light marble paneling extends approximately eight feet up the walls of the lobby area. All hall floors are composed of terrazzo tile. A cornice extends over the entrance and is finished with dentil trim. Dentils and small egg-and-dart trim complete the coffered ceiling. Large console brackets are incorporated under larger panels in the main lobby. The former third story County Circuit Court courtroom remains intact. Mahogany paneling covers the walls and a plaster cornice with dentil trim and coved molding join the walls and ceiling. The ceiling cornice is trimmed with dentils and egg-and-dart molding. The supervisor was L B Humphreys of Medford. An Annex was constructed in 1954 to 1955 on the west side. The architect was Ben H Todd and the contractor was H G Carl Construction Company.


See:  The architect, John G Link of Montana ( in association with Charles S Haire  and others ) designed courthouses in Montana in Big Horn CountyCarter CountyCuster CountyDawson CountyGranite CountyMcCone County, Musselshell CountyRichland CountyRosebud CountySheridan County and Silver Bow County and in Wyoming in Park County, Sheridan County and Washakie County.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Jackson County Courthouse


County Justice Building – Medford



Location:  100 South Oakdale Avenue / 8th Street

Built:  1976 – 1978

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Afseth, Jacobs, and Schmitz of Medford

Contractor:  Todd Building Company of Roseburg


Description:  The building faces east and is a three story gray colored concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds south of the courthouse in the center of Medford. The east front has a recessed first and second story with entrance on the first story. The windows are horizontal and the roof line is flat. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the First Judicial District.


Old County Courthouse – Jacksonville



Location:  206 N 5th Street / C Street

Built:  1883 – 1884

Style:  Italianate

Architect:  G E Payne

Contractor:  L S P Marsh


Description:  The building faces northwest and is a two story red colored brick structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Jacksonville. The northwest front has a one story portico with three narrow vertical windows above on the second story. The windows are double arched. On the roof is a square white colored cupola. The roof is hipped. The building is now the City Hall. On the north side is the Old County Hall of Records.


History:  The county was created in 1852 and Jacksonville was designated as the county seat in 1853. The first courthouse was a white colored two story frame structure built in 1854. The second courthouse was built in 1883 to 1884 and is still standing. The county seat was moved to Medford in 1927. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1931 to 1932 at a cost of $265,000. The County Justice Building was constructed in 1976 to 1978.



County Courthouse – Medford



























County Courthouse Annex – Medford







County Justice Building – Medford











Old County Courthouse – Jacksonville













Old County Hall of Records – Jacksonville





Photos taken 2015