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Caroline County

Caroline County is named for Caroline of Ansbach, who was the wife of King George III of Great Britain.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Stafford County and King George County

E – Essex CountyKing and Queen County and King William County 

S – Hanover County

W – Spotsylvania County


Created:  June 7, 1727                           Map of Virginia highlighting Caroline County

County Seat: 

Several places  1728 – 1803

Bowling Green  1803 – present


County Courthouse – Bowling Green


Location:  100 Courthouse Lane / Main Street

Built:  1830 – 1835

Style:  Greek-Roman Revival

Architect:  William B Phillips

Contractor:  Malcolm F Crawford


Description:  The building faces west and is a two story red colored brick laid in Flemish bond and wood structure. The building is surrounded by a Tuscan entablature with a Tuscan pediment at either end. The front pediment’s tympanum is plastered and features a semi-circular window in the center. There is an arcade along the first story at the front with four arches and side arches. On the roof is a small square cupola. The roof is hipped. In the interior, there is a brick tile floor and the courtroom has a gallery with stairs.  An addition was built in 1907. The architect was William C West. An addition was constructed in 1970.


Note:  The builder and construction date are not known as the county records were destroyed. The building was constructed between 1830 and 1835. The style of the building follows Thomas Jefferson’s design for Virginia courthouses. The building resembles the courthouse in Madison County and it is assumed that the same builders were involved. The courthouse is the sixth courthouse to serve the county.


See:  Thomas Jefferson designed the Roman Temple style of courthouse. Prominent among the courthouse builders who had worked at the University of Virginia were Dabney Cosby, Sr., Malcolm F Crawford, and William B Phillips. They in turn influenced other builders in the Jeffersonian idiom, including Branch Ellington, William A Howard, David Meade, and Valentine Parrish. Courthouse still standing  include those in Buckingham County and Charlotte County designed by Jefferson and those in Caroline County, Clarke CountyCumberland CountyGoochland CountyGreene CountyLunenburg CountyMadison CountyMecklenburg CountyNottoway CountyPage County, Rappahannock County and Sussex County.


County Circuit Court Building – Bowling Green



Location:  112 Courthouse Lane / Ennis Street

Built:  1969 – 1970

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Unknown

Contractor:  Unknown


Description:  The building faces north and is a one story red colored brick and concrete structure. The building is located in the center of Bowling Green on the east side of the courthouse. The main entrance is at the northeast corner with a recessed arched doorway with small pediment above. The center section is recessed with a central white colored doorway. The roof is hipped. The building houses the County Circuit Court of the 15th Judicial Circuit. The building is named as the J Peyton Farmer Circuit Court Building. The building is attached to the courthouse on the west side. The building was renovated in 2005 to 2006. The architect was Moseley Architects, Inc. if Richmond and the contractor was Daniel & Company Inc.


County Courthouse Annex – Bowling Green




Location:  111 Ennis Street / Courthouse Lane

Built:  2001 – 2003

Style:  Modern

Architect:  Moseley Architects, Inc. of Richmond

Contractor:  Kenbridge Construction Company of Kenbridge.


Description:  The building faces west and is a two story red colored brick and concrete structure. The building is l;ocated onlandscaped grounds in the center of Bowling Green to the sourth of the courthouse. The front has a one story arcade with three arches and side arches enclosed with glass windows. Above is a balcony. A white colored horizontal belt runs between the first and second stories. At the front is a semi-circular section above the roof line. The building houses the County General District Court and County Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court of the 15th Judicial Circuit. 


See:  The 15th Judicial Circuit  includes Essex County, Fredericksburg, Hanover CountyKing George CountyLancaster CountyNorthumberland County, Richmond County, Spotsylvania CountyStafford County and Westmoreland County


History:  The county was created in 1727 and the court met in several places. In 1803, Bowling Green was selected as the county seat. The first courthouse was built in 1803 to 1809. The second and present courthouse was built in 1830 to 1835. The County Courthouse Annex was constructed in 2001 to 2003.



County Courthouse – Bowling Green 





















County Circuit Court Building – Bowling Green







County Courthouse Annex – Bowling Green







Photos taken 2013