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Appanoose County


Appanoose County is named for the chief of the Sac and Fox Indian tribes who headed the peace party during the Black Hawk War, and the word means “a Chief when a child”.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Monroe County

E – Davis County

S – Schuyler County, Missouri and Putnam County, Missouri 

W – Wayne County


Created:  January 13, 1843                    Map of Iowa highlighting Appanoose County

County Seat:

Centerville  1846 – present


County Courthouse – Centerville


Location:  201 North 12th Street / West Jackson Street

Built:  1903 – 1904

Style:  Late 19th and 20th Century Revival and Romanesque

Architect:  Smith & Gage

Contractor:  W M Peatman


Description:  The building faces south and is a two story buff colored Bedford lime stone veneer and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds of the Public Square in the center of Centerville. The building has a raised basement. The south front has an octagonal stone tower on either side of the recessed arched entrance which is framed with stone. On the second story above the entrance is a large arched window. There is a dormer on the green colored title roof. On the center of the roof is a square stone clock tower with green colored hipped tile roof. In the interior there is a center lobby with dual stairs ascending to the second story. The County District Court courtroom is located along the east side of the second story. The courtroom has wood furnishings. The building houses the County District Court of the 8A Judicial District. During construction, the superintendent was G W Salisbury. To the north at 527 North Main Street is the Old Sheriff Residence and Jail built in 1872.


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Appanoose County Courthouse


See:  The 8A Judicial District includes Davis CountyJefferson CountyKeokuk CountyMahaska CountyMonroe CountyPoweshiek County, Van Buren CountyWapello County and Washington County.


History:  The county was created in 1843 and Centerville was selected as the county seat in 1846. The county used a blacksmith shop until the first courthouse was built in 1848 at a cost of $160. In 1858, court was held in the Methodist and Presbyterian churches. The second courthouse was built by Cullen & Pearson in 1864 at a cost of $23,000. The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1903 to 1904.



County Courthouse – Centerville      






















County District Court courtroom










Photos taken 2008 and 2024