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Monroe County


Monroe County is named for James Monroe, who was the fifth President of the United States from 1817 to 1825.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

N – Marion County and Mahaska County 

E – Wapello County

S – Appanoose County

W – Lucas County


Created:  February 17, 1843                  Map of Iowa highlighting Monroe County

County Seat:

Albia  1843 – present


County Courthouse – Albia


Location:  10 Benton Avenue East / Main Street

Built:  1902 – 1903

Style:  Renaissance Revival

Architect:  O O Smith

Contractor:  James Rowan and Son


Description: The building faces south and is a three story buff colored sandstone and concrete structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Albia. The south front and the other three sides have a slightly projecting center section which rises to a pediment above the roof line. On the east and west sides are square towers rising to a small white colored dome. A projecting cornice runs below the hipped roof. On the center of the roof is high square stone tower with clock and four small parapets. In the interior there is a central lobby with dual stairs ascending to the third story. The County District Court courtroom is located along the east side of the third story. The courtroom has green colored walls and wood furnishings. The building houses the County District Court of the 8A Judicial District. 


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Monroe County Courthouse


See:  The 8A Judicial District includes Appanoose County, Davis CountyJefferson CountyKeokuk CountyMahaska CountyPoweshiek County, Van Buren CountyWapello County and Washington County.


History:  The county was created in 1843 as Kishkekosh County. The first courthouse was built in 1846. The courthouse was torn down in 1860 and the second courthouse, a medieval style was built.  The third and present courthouse was constructed in 1902 to 1903 at a cost of $100,000.



County Courthouse – Albia

















County District Court courtroom
















Photos taken 2008 and 2024