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Baker County

Baker County is named for John Baker, who was a member of the Provincial Congress of Georgia in 1775 and who served in the American Revolutionary War.


Surrounding County Courthouses: 

– Calhoun County and Dougherty County 

E – Mitchell County 

S – Mitchell County and Decatur County

W – Miller County and Early County


Created:  December 12, 1825                Map of Georgia highlighting Baker County

County Seat: 

Byron     1825 – 1831

Newton  1831 – present


Old County Courthouse – Newton


Location:  SE – Main Street / Washington Avenue

Built:  1900 – 1901

Style:  Romanesque Revival

Architect:  J W Golucke & Company

Contractor:  Atlanta Fireproofing Company


Description:  The building faces south and is a two story red colored brick, stone and concrete structure. The building is located on spacious landscaped grounds on the southeast side of the center of Newton.  In the center of the south front is a four story red colored brick clock tower with peaked roof. On either side the building rises to a peaked roof line. On the second story, the pavilions contain triple blind arcades separated by pilasters. The brick is laid in American bond. On each corner is a small round white colored turret with steep roof. In the interior, there is a cross plan and the walls are plaster. The large former courtroom is located on the second story. 


See:  The architect, James Wingfield Golucke of Atlanta designed many courthouses and jails in Georgia and the courthouse plan designed by James Wingfield Golucke & Company is similar to the courthouses in Henry CountyJones County, Schley County and Union County


See:  National Register of Historic Places – Baker County Courthouse


County Courthouse – Newton



Location:  167 Barber Place / Hillcrest Drive

Built:  1934 – 1935

Style:  School House

Architect:  Unknown

Contractor:  Unknown


Description:  The building face south and is a one story red colored brick and wood frame structure. The building is located on landscaped grounds in the center of Newton to the northwest of the old courthouse. The south front has an entrance at the southeast corner with peaked roof. The building has a west wing and extends north. In the interior is the County Superior Court courtroom. The building houses the County Superior Court, County Juvenile Court, County Probate Court and County Magistrate Court of the 2nd Judicial rative District. The building was a former school house and became the courthouse in 1994 after the old courthouse was flooded. The building was remodeled in 2000.


See:  The 2nd Judicial District includes Atkinson CountyBerrien CountyBrooks County. Calhoun CountyClay CountyClinch CountyColquitt CountyCook CountyDecatur CountyDougherty CountyEarly County, Echols CountyGrady CountyIrwin CountyLanier County, Lowndes County, Miller CountyMitchell County, Quitman CountyRandolph CountySeminole CountyTerrell CountyThomas CountyTift CountyTurner County and Worth County 


History:  The county was created in 1825 and Byron was selected as the county seat. The first court met at the house of William Howards in 1825. In 1828 and the first courthouse was built. In 1837, the county seat was moved to Newton and the second courthouse was built. In 1874, the third courthouse was built at a cost of $5,000. The fourth courthouse was constructed in 1900 to 1901. The fifth and present courthouse was a vacant school which was remodeled.



Old County Courthouse – Newton









Former Courtroom







County Courthouse – Newton







County Superior Court courtroom

Photos taken 2009